Common

Japanese adjectives end either in -i or they are converted nouns with a suffix -na.

Conjugations

NeutralNegationPast, not negatedAdverb
熱い熱kunaい熱katta熱ku

Table of common adjectives

日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
true
middle, within, inside
next
懐かしいdear
喜ぶto be glad

for Form

日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
circle|round|Yen

for Location or Direction

日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
left
right
over|above
under|beneath
ahead|previous
north
east
south
西west
遥かfar away
aidabetween

for Size

日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
big|large|great
small
kondeirucrowded

for Color

日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
赤いred
red
blue|green
white

for Time

日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
yuugataspätnachmittags
asamorgends
konkaithis time
kondonext time|this time
kyuu [ni]suddenly

for Age

日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
あたらしいnew
ふるいold

for Temperature

日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
熱いhot

for Frequency

日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
度度often

for Difficulty

日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
むずかしいdifficult

for Emotions

日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
sabishiilonely
楽しいenjoyable
悲しいsad
こわいscary
tsumaranaiboring