Common

Japanese verbs all end in -u.

<verb>:=<verb-stem> <verb-inflection-suffix>;

<verb-inflection-suffix>:=-ru+tte     {te-Form (do...)}
                                -ku+ite     {te-Form (do...)}
                                -u+tte     {te-Form (do...)}
                                -gu+ide    {te-Form (do...)}
                                -bu+nde    {te-Form (do...)}
                                -mu+nde    {te-Form (do...)}
                                -ru+ro     {Imperative}
                                -u+e       {Imperative}
                                -ru+yoo    {Probability}
                                -u+oo      {Probability}
                                <adjective> daroo {Probability}
                                -ru+reba   {Conditional-1}
                                -u+eba     {Conditional-1}
                                -i+kereba  {Conditional-1}
                                -ru+rareru {Potential}
                                -u+eru     {Potential}
                                -ru+rareru {Passive}
                                -u+areru   {Passive}
                                -ru+saseru {Causative}
                                -ru+sasu   {Causative}
                                -u+aseru   {Causative}
                                -u+asu     {Causative}

kiru -> kite
miru -> mite
aru   is (inanimated)
iru   is (animated)
aku   aite - to be[come] open; to open (intransitive); akete - to open (transitive)

Conjugations

(-iru|-eru) & not in forced Godan exceptions list: Ichidan verb: for these, just add ta or te as needed to the end.

otherwise: Godan verb.

For Godan verbs, depending on your conjugation and stem form, they are like this:

Stem ending-te form-ta formNotes
-su-shite-shita
-ku-ite-ita
-gu-ide-ida
-bu-nde-nda
-mu-nde-nda
-nu-nde-nda
-ru-tte-tta
-tsu-tte-tta
-u-tte-tta-a conjugation (wanai) ends in -wa instead.

Table of common verbs

to do
日本語EnglishExampleMeaning in English
食べるto eat
meshiagarito eat [hon.]
話すto speak
歩くto walk
泳ぐto swim
呼ぶto call
飲むto drink
死ぬto die
作るto make
待つto wait
洗うto wash
fuるto fall (snow, rain)
むかえ ni iくto go get something
むかえるto go to meet somebody|to get something
すまseるfinish
とまるsleepover
かりるrent
うるsell
とまるstop
よるto pass by [someone]
なおるabheilen
はらうto pay
はjiまるto start
たのむto ask [please]
うまreるto be born
yaめるto quit
ひkkoすto change residence
daすto send
たzuneるto visit
wakaruto know
sasayakuto whisper
nigeruto escape
shimauto close
ikiruto live
kiruto dress
nuguto undress
noruto enter
kaeruto return
narabuto be next to each other
nuruto be painted [with]
akeruto open
akuto be opened
kogeruto burn
kureruto give [something to my circle]
ageruto give
sumuto inhabit
suru
suwaruto sit
tasuto add
dasuto get out|to take out
tazuneruto ask
neruhinlegen
tatsuto stand up
tateruto stand something up
tanomuto request
taberuto eat
chigauto differ
tsukauto [make] use
tsukareruto tire
tsukuruto build
tsukuto breathe
tsukeruto attach
tsuzukeru
tsutomeruto be employed for
dekakeruto depart
deruto go out|to publish
dekiruto be able to
to*ru
furi*to fall [rain]
mitsukaruto be found
ugokimasuto start moving